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| Updated on Jul 28, 2016

Infectious Diseases of Tropical Australia

Australia is a wonderful country to travel to. It has beautiful landscapes, cities, beaches and so much to see that one trip to Australia won’t be enough.

When planning your trip to Australia it is very important to consider the different infectious diseases present there when visiting. It is vital to be well informed of the different diseases in Australia in order to travel safely.

Most Common Infectious Diseases: 1-Mosquito Born Diseases: All mosquito born diseases are transmitted by a mosquito bite, not by person-to-person transmission. When we think about mosquitos, first thing that comes to mind is Dengue or Zika but in Australia there are many other mosquito born diseases to take into account such as:

Ross River Virus Barmah Forest Virus Malaria Chikungunya Virus The Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus: Dengue Zika

2-Other Diseases:

Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne disease, spread by an infected person. The most common symptoms are a persistent cough, fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. TB is particularly dangerous for people who have weakened immune systems from medications or illness. It can be treated with antibiotics. Whooping Cough: Whooping cough, or Pertussis, is transmitted from an infected person. Although anyone can be infected by whooping cough, it is most dangerous to babies, and in some cases can be lethal. Vaccines exist for whooping cough. The most common symptoms are cold-like to begin with, but can develop into a persistent and uncontrollable cough. A sticky phlegm often affects the respiratory system, which can cause complications for babies.

Melioidosis: also called Whitmore's disease, is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria found in contaminated water and soil. It is spread to humans and animals through direct contact with the contaminated source.

Leptospirosis: is caused by a bacteria that enters the body through mucous membranes or skin. You can also get infected by drinking contaminated water.

How to avoid infectious diseases? -Wash your hands frequently -Don’t share personal ítems -Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze -Get vaccinated against those infectious diseases that do have a vaccine -Eat well-cooked food and drink bottled water -Wear repellent when traveling to countries with high risk of mosquito born diseases. The most recommended repellents are those that contain DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) as its active ingredient. DEET is known to be safe and effective, and it is currently the only repellent that effectively protects against the mosquitoes that cause malaria.

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